Haronga madagascariensis (Lam. ex Poir.) Choisy Haronga paniculata (Pers.) Lodd. ex Steud. Common names: Mukaranga (Shona) Mutseti (Shona) Mutsotso . PDF | Leaf and stem essential oils of Harungana madagascariensis Lam. ex Poir, [an endangered medicinal Hypericaceae] were obtained in. Harungana (Harungana madagascariensis) is an invasive plant in Queensland. Harungana is a restricted plant under Queensland legislation.

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Click on each image to see a larger version and details of the record View all images The small whitish coloured flowers are very numerous and arranged in dense clusters at the tips of the branches i. Bark appears to be maroon-colored and it is vertically fissured.

Mature leaves are relatively large cm long and cm wide and egg-shaped in outline i. Struik, South Africa Pages – Stamens fused into five bundles, usually two or three stamens per bundle. Bole is always angular and forked. Ovary is marked by dark glandular spots. Stamens fused into five bundles, usually two or three stamens per bundle, but single stamens may also occur.

Bark brown, rough and scaly, with orange sap when damaged. Although harungana Harungana madagascariensis is currently restricted to relatively disturbed areas, there is concern that this plant may become a permanent component of tropical rainforest communities.

Antibacterial activity of Harungana madagascariensis leaf extracts.

Small to medium-sized shrubby tree with distinctly russet young leaves and branchlets. Copyright Barry Jago 10th leaf stage. But single stamen can also be found occasionally. Sheldon Navie young flower cluster Photo: The plant grows in an area where other plants with a Madagascan origin appear to have become naturalized. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Harungana madagascariensis can be found in medium to low altitudes in evergreen forest, usually around the forest margins and along river banks.


Harungana has now become quite common in disturbed coastal lowland rainforest and has the capacity to spread widely. Flowers in dense, branched, terminal heads, creamy-white, hairy inside, with glandular dots near the apex, sweetly scented.

Ovary marked by dark glandular spots. Kirkia 10 1 Page Sheldon Navie close-up of flowers Photo: Flowers are small, approximately mm. Fruits are marked by glandular dots and harngana. Guttiferae Flora Zambesiaca 1 2 Pages – Not yet widely naturalised in Australia, and currently only found in the wetter tropical areas of far northern Queensland particularly near Babinda.

Factsheet – Harungana madagascariensis

Fruit appear to be greenish-orange and it becomes red when mature. Majority of tree surface is covered with stellate hairs. Sheldon Navie flower clusters Photo: Sheldon Navie close-up of leaf Photo: Young leaves at stem apex flattened together; hence the common name “praying hands”.

Seeds are susceptible to insect attack. It is often the first plant species to exist in a forest that has been cleared. Harungana madagascariensis is known as the dragon’s blood treeorange-milk tree or haronga.

However, people sometimes use the light wood to make poles for building houses. The upper leaf surface is dark green and hairless i. At the tenth leaf stage: Flowers small, about mm diam. Check our website at www.


Branches and young leaves exude a haruntana orange coloured sap when damaged. A potential weed of disturbed rainforests, forest gaps and margins, roadsides and drainage areas in tropical and sub-tropical regions.

Harungana madagascariensis

Endocarp hard, difficult to cut. Each flower has five tiny sepals, five small whitish petals that are somewhat hairy, and numerous small stamens that are arranged harungan five clusters i.

In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The tree is not used commercially masagascariensis it rarely grows to merchantable size.

Weeds of Australia – Biosecurity Queensland Edition Fact Sheet

Flowering occurs throughout the year, but mostly during late spring and early summer. Its crown appears to be golden-green color. Stalks and calyx are covered with short rusty hairs. This page was last edited on 19 Decemberat madagzscariensis Fruit in clusters, mm in diameter, greenish-orange to red when ripe. Native to tropical Africa i. Calyx persistent, marked by glandular dots and streaks.

Cotyledons broadly spathulatemargins marked with dark ‘oil’ glands, petioles relatively long and slender.

Flower stalks is rumored to ease colic and to check infection after childbirth.